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In September 2018, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection issued an updated version of “A Summary of Your Rights Under the Fair Credit Reporting Act,” one of the forms that employers who conduct background checks on applicants and employees must provide under certain circumstances during the hiring process and employment.

With marijuana use now legal in so many states but still illegal on the federal level, there is bound to be some confusion as to whether employers can still enforce workplace drug policies that prohibit the use of marijuana. A recent federal appellate court decision has provided some clarity by ruling that, so long as the policy adheres to state law, employers may still prohibit marijuana use as a condition of employment.

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Attorney Muliha Khan has been included on the list of 2019 Best Lawyers in America in the category of litigation: insurance.

Calling All Landowners, Property managers, and Snow Removal Contractors! Critical Changes in Colorado Indemnity Law for Snow Removal Work

There is a new change afoot in Colorado law directly impacting anyone involved in the property maintenance, commercial real estate management, snow removal, or general liability insurance industries.  More specifically, Senate Bill 62 (the “Snow Removal Service Liability Limitation Act”), passed and signed by Governor Hickenlooper, has now been codified at C.R.S. § 13-21-129. It is important to note that this statute applies to all snow/ice removal contracts entered into on or after August 8, 2018. 

Under Colorado’s collateral source rule (C.R.S. §§ 10-1-135(10)(a) and 13-21-111.6), when an injured plaintiff receives compensation for their loss from a source other than the defendant, the court must reduce the amount of awarded to the plaintiff by the amount received from the collateral source. 
 
For example, if the plaintiff’s wealthy aunt or uncle paid the medical bills incurred by the plaintiff after an accident, the court will reduce the verdict against the defendant by the amount paid by the aunt or uncle.  This prevents a windfall to the plaintiff. 
 
However, this rule does not apply if the money comes to the plaintiff as a result of a contract he/she entered into – such as an insurance policy. 
 
The Court of Appeals has now officially expanded this “contract exception” to the collateral source rule to include payments made by Medicare.  The Court also affirmed prior case law placing similar payments from Medicaid and Social Security under this exception.  The case, Forfar v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 2018 COA 125, will be considered for certiorari by the Colorado Supreme Court, but as of today, payments from Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security cannot be used to reduce the verdict amount payable to a plaintiff in a personal injury lawsuit. 
 
For more information, please contact Steve Phillips at (303) 894-8948.

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